Malic acid can be found naturally in a variety of fruits and vegetables. One of the most abundant natural sources is apples and that’s why sometimes it’s called apple acid. It can also be found naturally in your own body cells, however, while you may find that your body makes quite a bit of it, it’s lost just as quickly when it’s broken down to produce energy.
So why use Malic Acid in skin care?
Malic acid has been shown to possesses many health-related benefits such as increasing your body’s energy, immunity, maintaining oral health, reducing the risk of toxic metal poisoning and of course, promoting younger looking skin.
For your body, one of its most significant benefits is the role it plays in a process known as the Krebs cycle - a role vital to our very existence. The Krebs cycle, named for the British biochemist who discovered it, Sir Hans Krebs, enhances the rate at which your body can metabolize and create energy. With insufficient malic acid in your system, your body’s energy production would literally grind to a halt and increase the rate of aging. Therefore it is essential that you have adequate supplies of malic acid in your body in order to promote the efficient functioning of this cycle.
While it’s also effective in stimulating the production of saliva and acting as an oral antiseptic - benefiting your oral hygiene by reducing harmful bacteria (why it’s often in mouthwash and toothpastes), it’s also capable of binding to and inactivating toxic metals in your body, such as aluminum and lead, making is capable of reducing the risk for serious diseases linked to heavy metals – such as liver disease and brain diseases including Alzheimer’s.
But how does malic acid work to create and maintain good, healthy skin? Malic Acid is classified as an "alpha hydroxy acid". Alpha hyroxy acids are fruit acids with an ability to help exfoliate the skin and act as mild chemical face peels. They often help your skin to look healthier, younger and firmer. Other AHAs include glycolic, mandelic and lactic acid. Of these acids, malic acid is a safer alternative because unlike other AHAs it’s got a slightly larger molecular structure that results in a slower more even penetration and that also leads to less irritation. If you have sensitive skin, you can obtain benefits of AHA’s from products that contain malic acid rather than lactic or glycolic acids that can cause hyper pigmentation in individuals with darker skin.
So what are the skin care benefits of Malic Acid?
Malic acid can:
- Even skin tone
- Reduce the signs of age spots and freckles
- Tighten pores
- Reduce or erase the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
- Help to fade the signs of melasma
- Significantly reduce symptoms of rosacea